Assessment Of Memory Functions
Learning and memory performances of all MCI patients were tested with the use of the German version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test . Patients were asked to learn a list of 15 words within 5 immediate recall trials followed by a 30-min delayed recall and delayed recognition test. Learning ability was defined as the sum of words learned in all 5 trials delayed recall represented the total number of remembered words after 30 min . For delayed recognition, MCI patients were asked to recognize the 15 original words presented within 35 distractor words subsequent to the delayed recall tests . All testing was conducted by trained staff members according to standard procedures.
Reduces Blood Flow To The Brain
As if homocysteine didnt cause enough damage to your brain, it also targets your vascular health. Elevated levels of homocysteine contribute to arterial thickening, stiffness, and the development of atherosclerosis. All of these effects reduce blood flow to the brain and contribute to stroke risk, which compounds damage to the brain.
Popular Ingredients Found In Brain Vitamins
If you want to improve your brain health, you may need to incorporate more vitamins and minerals into your diet. Vitamins and supplements can offer benefits such as improved concentration, increased attention span, and better mood. Here are some of the most popular ingredients found in memory health vitamins:
Ginkgo Biloba Ginkgo biloba has been found in some research studies to be helpful for dementia due to a decreased blood flow. A few meta-analyses and systematic reviews have shown that Ginkgo Biloba can be almost as effective at treating dementia cases related to reduced blood flow compared with drugs heavily marketed by pharmaceutical companies Pfizer Inc.’s Aricept . It’s also been found to be more effective than a placebo in improving memory and concentration.
Ginkgo doesn’t seem to help prevent dementia. But in people who already have dementia, it may either improve symptoms or stabilize their symptoms so that they dont get worse. In addition, some studies show benefits in mood and mental ability for healthy people when taking ginkgo.
St. John’s Wort St. Johns Wort has been shown to promote both the serotonin-inhibitor mechanism of antidepressants while also boosting production of neurotransmitters dopamine and norepinephrine. The same research touts this supplements long term and accepted use as a treatment for depression.
You May Like: How Much Is Vitamin C Iv Therapy
Ginkgo Biloba For Memory Loss With Caution
One of the top-selling herbs in the United States, ginkgo biloba has been used for thousands of years in traditional Chinese medicine.
A National Institute on Aging ginkgo trial of more than 200 healthy adults older than 60 showed no improvement in memory or concentration. It is possible that doses higher than the 120 milligrams used daily in this six-week trial could be effective. Look for results of current large, long-term trials, such as the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine’s study with 3,000 volunteers. These will help to confirm whether or not ginkgo biloba can help prevent dementia or enhance memory in healthy people.
Some research suggests that ginkgo biloba is effective for early-stage Alzheimer’s disease. Ginkgo biloba may be as effective as acetylcholinesterase inhibitor drugs such as donepezil . Studies have also indicated that ginkgo biloba may be helpful for cerebral insufficiency, a decreased flow of blood to the brain from clogged blood vessels.
However, a 2009 study in The Journal of the American Medical Association showed that compared with placebo, 120 mg twice daily of ginkgo biloba did not result in less cognitive decline in older adults with normal or only mild thinking impairment.
Changing Your Lifestyle Enhancing Your Memory
While there is no specific diet to prevent Alzheimer’s, studies have shown that a healthy diet may help lower the risk. Research has shown that the Mediterranean diet may lower the risk of developing Alzheimer’s, and may even help prolong life in people with Alzheimer’s. The Mediterranean diet has very little red meat. The diet focuses on fruits, vegetables, and nuts, with moderate amounts of dairy, fish, and poultry. Olive oil is an important source of healthy fats. Moderate amounts of alcohol, particularly wine, may also lower the risk of Alzheimer’s. However, doctors don’t recommend that people start drinking alcohol to prevent disease.
Researchers speculate that there may be a small protective quality of caffeine from the risk of dementia. But more research needs to be done in this area. In the meantime, Lausier recommends the “common sense” steps for enhancing your memory, such as not smoking and avoiding too much caffeine or alcohol. “Some of these changes may make more difference in the outcome than a lot of expensive drugs or supplements.”
Challenging your brain to learn new things is another important way to prevent memory loss, she says. It might involve learning a foreign language, an instrument, or a computer program, for example. “It doesn’t matter if you’re successful,” she says. “Just the act of trying turns on parts of your brain that are getting cobwebs.”
Also Check: What Vitamins Do You Need When Pregnant
Memory Supplements: Take The Next Step
If memory improvement is your main objective, you will do well to use a supplement that contains substances on this list.
You can start with either a single-ingredient supplement or find a proprietary blend that contains several of these proven ingredients.
Keep in mind that just because a product is marketed as a brain supplement does not mean it contains ingredients that can actually help your memory.
Recommended: Upgrading brain health is key to making your brain work better.
Mind Lab Pro is the brain supplement we recommend because, by boosting your brain health, it can help you:
- Improve your mental clarity and focus.
- Boost your memory and your ability to learn.
- Increase your capacity to think critically, solve problems, and make decisions.
Evaluating The Epidemiologic Evidence
Even while there is a general impression of strong epidemiologic evidence to support associations between the B-vitamins and cognitive decline, in actuality, the evidence is weak. The impression may be driven by the numerous cross-sectional and case-control studies that relate dietary or biochemical levels of the B-vitamins to cognition or disease status. A primary limitation of these types of studies is that one cannot determine whether the observed association is a cause or effect of the disease. For example, both serum and dietary intake levels of folate have been reported to decline with prolonged institutionalization , and duration of dementia . In addition, studies that use a one-time cognitive assessment cannot separate attained or lifetime cognitive ability from cognitive decline due to age or disease. Confounding bias is highly likely in these types of studies because cognitive ability is related to many factors, including education, socio-economic status, and healthy lifestyle behaviors. Depression may be another source of confounding in these studies, as it is a common condition in persons with dementia , and has been associated with folate deficiency .
Also Check: What Vitamin Do You Take For Energy
B Complex Vitamins: For Stress And Memory Loss Protection
The B in B complex doesnt stand for brain, but perhaps it should.
The B vitamins can help prevent memory loss, fend off brain aging, alleviate depression, and even help you live longer.
B vitamins have been called the happy vitamins or anti-stress vitamins since they can improve your mood and increase your tolerance to stress.
An important role of B vitamins is the production of neurotransmitters vital for a healthy state of mind:
- If you have a serotonin deficiency, you may suffer from anxiety, insomnia, low self-esteem, negative thoughts, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or SAD .
- Without adequate GABA , you may find yourself easily stressed, overstimulated, and overwhelmed.
- Dopamine helps you get focused. A sign that you need more dopamine is relying on pick-me-ups like caffeine, sugar, and chocolate to get you through the day.
Dr. Pat | Be Brain Fit
Three specific B vitamins taken together are important for improving memory over the long term.
A landmark University of Oxford study found that taking vitamins B6, B12, and folic acid together reduced brain atrophy, improved brain function, and dramatically reduced brain shrinkage in the part of the brain most affected by Alzheimers disease.
These results are so promising that some experts are hopeful that the B vitamins may ultimately be used as a safe and inexpensive Alzheimers treatment.
A Combination Of Nutrients
Many brain supplements focus on omega-3 fatty acids , vitamin E, various B vitamins, or various combinations. Why these?
There’s strong evidence that certain diets like the Mediterranean diet, the DASH diet, and the MIND diet can help improve cognitive function, according to Dr. Marshall.
“These diets contain foods with large amounts of these vitamins and minerals,” he says. “But what is not clear is whether it’s the combination of nutrients in these diets that’s beneficial, or whether it’s specific ones or even certain amounts, or some other factors.” Researchers have tried to answer these questions by testing how these individual nutrients affect cognitive health. So far the limited studies have found no evidence they help, with a few rare exceptions.
“Still, this doesn’t mean that the brain supplements may not work,” says Dr. Marshall. “It’s just that there is not much, if any, evidence from randomized clinical trials the gold standard for research on isolated vitamins or minerals and brain health.”
Here’s a summary of what science has found so far and what it means.
Don’t Miss: How Much Vitamin C To Reduce Cortisol
What Dementia Caregivers Should Know About Vitamin B12 And Folate
What Dementia Caregivers Should Know About Vitamin B12 and Folate
A recent study in Ireland discovered that a large percentage of seniors develop vitamin B12 and folate deficiencies as they age vitamins that affect many aspects of health, including brain health.
Learn more about how vitamin B12 and folate can impact seniors and what dementia caregivers should know if a parent or senior loved one has a deficiency.
What Are The Most Popular Brain Vitamins For Memory Health In 2021
The brain is an essential part of our body, and it deserves to be taken care of. The human brain consists of billions of interconnected cells that form a network, which is why it’s so important to eat healthy whole foods, exercise regularly, and get enough sleep.*It may also be helpful for people to take brain vitamins that aid in memory, as these nutrients are essential for proper cognitive functioning. In just one example, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and Omega-3 fatty acids have been proven to promote better cognitive function due to their roles in cell growth, nerve transmission, and neurotransmitter synthesis, respectively. More on these and other vitamins for memory health here:
Don’t Miss: Is Vitamin D Milk Whole Milk Good For You
May Prevent Major Birth Defects
Adequate vitamin B12 levels are crucial to a healthy pregnancy.
Studies show that a fetuss brain and nervous system require sufficient B12 levels from the mother to develop properly.
Vitamin B12 deficiency in the beginning stages of pregnancy may increase the risk of birth defects, such as neural tube defects. Furthermore, maternal vitamin B12 deficiency may contribute to premature birth or miscarriage .
One study found that women with vitamin B12 levels lower than 250 mg/dL were three times more likely to give birth to a child with birth defects, compared to those with adequate levels .
For women with a vitamin B12 deficiency and levels below 150 mg/dL the risk was five times higher, compared to women with levels above 400 mg/dL .
Appropriate vitamin B12 levels are key to a healthy pregnancy. Theyre important for the prevention of brain and spinal cord birth defects.
Recommended Reading: What Vitamins Help Knee Joint Pain
Vitamin C And Brain Function
Vitamin C is an essential water-soluble vitamin that must be obtained from dietary sources as it cannot be produced by the body. Research has demonstrated various roles of vitamin C in the brain, which include supporting neurodevelopment, neurotransmitter function, angiogenesis , and antioxidant function. Additionally, vitamin C supports regeneration of other antioxidants, such as glutathione and vitamin E.
One review study that examined the relationship between vitamin C levels and cognitive performance in both healthy and cognitively impaired individuals found that the cognitively intact individuals had higher blood concentrations of vitamin C.
Also Check: Does Chicken Have Vitamin D
Vitamins For Memory Loss: 5 Best Memory Boosters According To Science
As you age, you may face a disturbing amount of memory problems like your short-term memory subsides, your thinking abilities decline, or the development of memory conditions like Alzheimers or dementia. What if we told you some vitamins could boost your memory? Several vitamins, omega-three fatty acids, and herbal supplements can help boost your memory and prevent diseases that cause significant damage to your brain and memory. Keep reading and learn about these natural vitamins for memory loss.
B Vitamins And Brain Function
The eight B vitamins are a group of water-soluble vitamins that are involved in various cellular functions throughout the body. As a group, they contribute to brain health by supporting reactions involved in energy production, synthesis and repair of DNA and RNA, methylation, and production of multiple signaling molecules and chemicals used by the nervous system.
A systematic review of individuals over 40 years old without dementia found that taking B vitamins, including B6 , B9 , and B12 , for at least three months improved episodic memory and global cognition. Research suggests that for individuals deficient in one or more of the B vitamins, supplementing with a B-complex supplement may be more beneficial for brain health than using isolated vitamin supplements.
Learn about the key vitamins that can help boost your brain health.
Don’t Miss: How To Get Intravenous Vitamin C
Folic Acid Aka Vitamin B
Folate, different forms of which are also known as folic acid, folacin, and vitamin B , is one of the essential vitamins coming from the B group of vitamins.
In most cases, vitamin B ought to be taken by mouth or by injection.
The approved daily intake of vitamin B for adults in the U.S. is four hundred micrograms from food or dietary supplements.
In the form of folic acid, folate is mostly used in order to treat anemia that is caused by the deficiency of folic acid.
Meanwhile, folic acid belongs to different compounds that are primarily known as folates and can be obtained from various foods such as spinach, asparagus, lentils, and so forth.
Half of an individuals bodys stores of this vitamin are collected in the liver, which is the primary reason why liver damage can lead to a shortage of several essential vitamins from the B group.
Speaking of its role in the synthesis of amino acids and the formation of nerve tissue, folic acid also plays quite an essential role in this regard.
When it comes to its metabolism, the metabolism of folic acid is profoundly dependent on the supply of other vitamins of the B group.
From here, a deficiency of this and other B-vitamins is linked to some developmental problems in children.
Moreover, a recent study conducted on this matter revealed that memory of aged rats was significantly improved with the intake of various folic acid supplements by the hamsters over the course of eight weeks.
Dont Miss: What Fruits And Veggies Have Vitamin C
Can B Vitamins Boost Your Memory
NEW YORK – Older adults who took vitamin B12 and folic acid supplements for two years had greater improvements on short- and long-term memory tests than adults who did not take the vitamins, according to the results of a new study from Australia.
The benefits were modest, but encouraging, indicating that the vitamins “may have an important role in promoting healthy ageing and mental wellbeing, as well as sustaining good cognitive functioning for longer on a community-wide scale,” Janine Walker, the lead author of the study and a researcher at Australian National University, told Reuters Health by email.
The researchers asked more than 700 people, aged 60 to 74 years, to take a daily dose of folic acid and vitamin B12 or fake pills that resembled the vitamins. The study only included people who showed signs of depression, but were not diagnosed with clinical depression.
The vitamin dose included 400 micrograms of folic acid and 100 micrograms of vitamin B12. The participants didn’t know which pills they were assigned to take.
“We felt that older people with elevated depressive symptoms were an important cohort to target given evidence that late-life depression is associated with increased risk of cognitive impairment,” Walker said.
After 12 months, there seemed to be no difference between the groups in how well the people scored on mental tests, including memory, attention and speed.
UNCLEAR HOW VITAMINS MIGHT WORK
Read Also: Is Vitamin D Good For Rheumatoid Arthritis
Vitamin B Deficiency Short Term Memory Loss Cause
A surprisingly common source of memory loss symptoms is a Vitamin B-12 deficiency. Vitamin B-12 intake is necessary for healthy brain function, and also maintaining intact myelin sheaths
Symptoms of Vitamin B-12 deficiency include:
- memory loss and dementia symptoms numbness and tingling of the arms and legs difficulty with balance and walking mood changes, especially depression
Several of these signs can occur even with low normal Vitamin B-12 blood test results. Also, many older adults have an impaired ability to absorb Vitamin B12 from dietary sources.
Worried about the memory health of someone close to you? Try the free Memory Loss Checklist to determine the possibility of serious memory loss symptoms.
Directions For Future Studies
The most important issue for future studies is whether B-vitamin supplementation is of benefit or harm for the prevention of neurodegenerative diseases. Clinical trials can address the issue in persons without vitamin deficiency, but cannot address the issue for a large segment of the older population who are vitamin B12 deficient, as it would be unethical not to treat known deficiency. In the absence of a suitable animal model, we must rely on epidemiologic studies. These studies should be of prospective or of longitudinal design. The longitudinal studies of cognitive decline should include multiple cognitive tests measured at multiple time points, and use analytic methods such as mixed models to measure cognitive decline. Very importantly, these studies should adjust for the important dietary and non-dietary confounders, and use multiple diagnostic methods to diagnose vitamin B12 deficiency. These types of studies require large samples to obtain informative results. Finally, these studies need to be conducted in diverse, population-based samples that include the oldest old, as the medically underserved and older segments of the population are the most likely to have unrecognized or untreated vitamin B12 deficiency.
Also Check: What Vitamins Does My Dog Need