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How Much Vitamin D Does A Newborn Need

Zarbees Naturals Baby Vitamin D Supplement

Why does my breastfed baby need more vitamin D?

Price: $

Founded by Dr. Zak Zarbock, a pediatrician and dad, Zarbees Naturals creates a vitamin D supplement for babies containing natural ingredients only no drugs, alcohol, artificial sweeteners, flavors, or dyes.

All of their products are gluten-free and pediatrician recommended. This supplement is given in an oral droplet either in breast milk or bottle or mixed with food. Remember, though, that your baby must finish all of what you mix the drop with to get the full dose of 400 IU per 0.25 ml.

Do Breastfed Babies Really Need Vitamin D

We often hear that breast milk is a complete food, containing everything your baby needs. But tests have shown that breast milk is lacking in vitamin D.

Infants should get vitamin D drops starting in the first few days of life, Dr. Liermann says. Its especially important in breastfed babies because they get minimal, if any, vitamin D from breast milk.

Infant formula contains vitamin D, but its not enough for younger babies. Formula-fed babies need a vitamin D supplement until they are taking 32 ounces of formula every day, says Dr. Liermann. This usually happens after the first few months of life, but is different in every baby. Newborns, in the first few months of life, dont consume enough formula to get the recommended daily amount of vitamin D.

Study: Many New Moms Babies Deficient

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends vitamin D supplementation of 400 IU for all breastfed babies and those who are drinking less than 1 liter a day of formula.

But pediatrician Frank R. Greer, MD, who headed the committee that came up with the new guidelines, says pediatricians are not selling the message to new parents.

I am frankly surprised that more pediatricians are not recommending supplementation, especially to new moms who are breastfeeding, he says.

The CDC study appears in the April issue of Pediatrics, along with another study, which finds a high rate of vitamin D deficiency among new mothers and their babies living in Boston.

Overall, more than half of the infants and more than a third of the mothers were considered vitamin D deficient. More than a third of the infants and a fifth of the mothers were considered severely deficient.

Study researcher Anne Merewood, MPH, says she was most surprised by the high rate of deficiency among the moms.

Many of these women were taking prenatal vitamins, but this did not ensure that they had adequate vitamin D levels, she says.

Merewood points out that supplementation may be especially important for darker-skinned people who absorb less light from the sun and for lighter skinned people who have little exposure to the sun.

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Vitamin D For Babies 0 To 12 Months

Give your baby 5 micrograms of vitamin D3 as a supplement every day from birth to 12 months if they are:

  • breastfed
  • taking less than 300mls or 10 fluid oz of infant formula a day

All babies who are being breastfed should continue to get a vitamin D supplement after birth, even if you took vitamin D during pregnancy or while breastfeeding.

You do not need to give your baby a vitamin D supplement if they are fed more than 300mls or 10 fluid oz of infant formula a day. This is because there has been an increase in the amount of vitamin D added to infant formula. This is due to a change in EU law as of February 2020.

There are many suitable infant vitamin D3 supplements available to buy in Ireland. Use a supplement that contains vitamin D only.

Signs Of Vitamin D Deficiency In Babies

Vitamin D for Infants: Recommended Intake, Breastfed ...

Vitamin D deficiency isnt easy to spot in babies, partly because they cant tell you how theyre feeling. And fatigue and muscle pain, symptoms of vitamin D deficiency, are common symptoms of several other conditions. In addition, signs of vitamin D deficiency may not show up until months or years later.

But doctors may check your babys vitamin D levels if your baby has:

  • Frequent illnesses or infections.
  • Poor growth.
  • Frequent bone fractures.

Dont wait to see if your baby has symptoms of vitamin D deficiency, Dr. Liermann says. Supplement Vitamin D regularly to prevent deficiency. And if you have any concerns about your babys health, talk to your pediatrician.

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How Do We Get Vitamin D

Vitamin D comes from different sources:

  • Sunlight: Vitamin D is formed naturally when skin is exposed to sunlight. Because Canada is located so far north, sunlight isnt enough at certain times of the year. Also, darker skin, sunscreen and clothing, which protect babies from the harmful effects of the sun, wont allow vitamin D to be formed.

  • Foods: In Canada, vitamin D is added to cows milk and margarine during production. Some plant-based beverages may have vitamin D added. Some foods fatty fish like salmon, tuna, trout and whitefish, and egg yolksare also sources of vitamin D.

  • Vitamin supplement: For babies, it comes in liquid form and is given daily with a dropper. Its important to give your baby a supplement that is meant for babies. Read the instructions carefully to be sure you give your baby the right amount. If you are unsure, talk to your pharmacist.

A Guide To Supplementing Vitamin D For Babies

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that infants up to 12 months old get at least 400 IU of vitamin D per day. Babies between the ages of one and two years need 600 IU or more of vitamin D per day.

But how much vitamin D is in an IU? IU is the abbreviation for one international unit. 400 IU roughly equals 0.01 milligrams, and 600 IU is about 0.015 milligrams.

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When Does My Child Need Vitamin D And How Much

All children need vitamin D beginning shortly after birth.

  • Children younger than 12 months old need 400 IUalert icon of vitamin D each day.
  • Children 12 to 24 months old need 600 IU of vitamin D each day.

Your childs age matters when it comes to cows milk. For children older than 12 months, plain whole cows milk is a great source of vitamin D.

Most cows milk sold in stores is fortified with vitamin D. For babies younger than 12 months, cows milk is not recommended because it may put your baby at risk for intestinal bleeding. It also has too many proteins and minerals for your babys kidneys to handle easily and does not have the right amount of nutrients your baby needs.

Upspring Baby Vitamin D3 Liquid Drops

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Price: $$$

In an easy-to-administer squeeze bottle, UpSpring offers a vitamin D3 supplement thats natural and free of flavor, dye, dairy, gluten, GMOs, sugar, and preservatives.

These drops are made in the United States and can be given to your child from the newborn stage all the way until the end of their first year.

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How Do We Get These Babies The Vitamin D They Need

This RCT concluded that giving breastfeeding mothers 6,400 IU vitamin D /day, and no additional supplement for the infant, made sure the mother became sufficient AND infants became sufficient . The infants in this group had equivalent vitamin D status to those who received 400 IU/day . Many other measurements and blood tests were taken, including weight, length and head circumference of the infant, which were similar for both groups.

6400 IU vit D/day = Sufficient mother AND baby

Why Your Breastfed Baby Needs Vitamin D

Youve chosen to breastfeed your baby. After all, its the best choice for feeding your newborn. But youve also been told to add a vitamin D supplement your childs diet. Vitamin D supplements, usually through easy to swallow drops, play an important role in your babys developing health. Infant formula is fortified with vitamin D, but if your child is breastfed, they may not be getting enough of this important vitamin.

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How Do You Give Vitamin D Drops To Baby

Infant vitamin D drops are concentrated, so you only need a small amount to get 400 IU. To give it to your baby, you can:

  • Place the dose directly in her mouth when shes relaxed, such as during her bath or while holding her. Aim for the inside of her cheek, not the back of her throat.
  • Mix the vitamin D drops in with babys formula or expressed breastmilk in a bottle.
  • Put the drop directly on your nipple before breastfeeding. This works best if the dose is only one drop.

Always use the dropper that came with the drops and fill it as prescribed. You may not need to fill the entire dropper.

Vitamin D And Sunlight

Vitamin D For Babies: Why And How Much Do They Need

Children need sunlight on their skin for their bodies to make vitamin D. They get about 80% of their vitamin D this way.

Scientists arent sure exactly how much sun Australian children need for good levels of vitamin D. But we do know that the amount of sun your child needs depends on where you live in Australia and the time of year.

It also depends a bit on your skin colour. People with naturally very dark skin need 3-6 times more sun to make vitamin D than the amount fair-skinned people need.

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What To Know About Vitamin D For Babies

Most of us know about the benefits of vitamin D for bone health but may not realize vitamin Ds potential benefits for mental health, immune function, and normal brain development in our children, notes Elisa Song, MD, a holistic pediatrician.

The AAP recommends that infants receive 400 IU of vitamin D daily. This can be tricky for infants younger than 6 months old since they should be kept out of direct sunlight, a natural source of vitamin D, because theyre too young for sunscreen.

If youre feeding your baby formula sold in the United States, its fortified with enough vitamin D that a supplement isnt necessary. However, if youre exclusively breastfeeding or feeding less than 32 ounces of formula per day, pediatricians recommend giving your baby a supplement.

Even though breast milk is considered a perfect food for your growing baby, it doesnt contain enough vitamin D to support your babys needs even if you are taking a supplement yourself.

However, in some cases, moms may take a high enough supplement that direct supplementation for baby is not needed. Discuss your needs with your babys doctor. If your baby does not get enough vitamin D, they could be at risk for a vitamin D deficiency.

A review of studies published in 2013 suggests there may be a link between a vitamin D deficiency in children and an increased risk for upper respiratory tract infections, including influenza.

Why Does Your Baby Need Vitamin D

Here is how vitamin D helps keep your baby healthy :

  • Strong bones: It is perhaps the best-known use of vitamin D. The body needs sufficient quantities of vitamin D to retain enough phosphorus and calcium in the bones. If the babys diet lacks vitamin D, then their bodies could drain out calcium and phosphorus through urine. It could also lead to a deficiency of these elements.
  • Supports metabolic activities: The body needs adequate levels of calcium and phosphorous to carry out several metabolic activities. Vitamin D makes sure that the body keeps a healthy stock of these nutrients.
  • Robust immunity: Vitamin D improves the bodys innate immunity and minimizes the chances of developing an autoimmune disease.
  • Insulin production: The vitamin has a role to play in the secretion of insulin by the pancreas. Research shows that the deficiency of vitamin D could lead to a drop in insulin production.
  • Essential for blood pressure regulation: While infants may not have the risk of high blood pressure , sufficient vitamin D helps the body regulate the blood pressure.
  • Your babys body will be able to do all these functions if it gets adequate vitamin D.

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    How Long Do Babies Need Vitamin D Drops

    Vitamin D drops are mandatory until the age of 12 months unless the infants are having 32oz of formula per day.

    Exclusively breastfed babies surely need supplementation. Once your baby is older than 12 months, they can have vitamin D fortified cow milk, or you may even consider giving vitamin D-fortified formula in case your baby did not have it yet.

    If the baby is getting their RDA from vitamin D-fortified food, then you can skip the drops.

    You are quite likely to have some other questions about vitamin D for babies, and we address them in the section below.

    Food Sources Rich In Vitamin D

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    The following food items are good sources of vitamin D:

    • Vitamin D fortified food: Infant cereal, crackers for toddlers, formula
    • Fatty fish: Salmon, tuna, and mackerel
    • Egg: Especially the egg yolk
    • Vitamin D fortified milk: Cow or buffalo milk with added vitamin D

    Foods like fish, egg, and cow/buffalo milk can be introduced only after the age of 12 months . So how can babies less than one year, who are breastfeeding, get vitamin D?

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    Why Babies Need Vitamin D

    Vitamin D helps us to build and maintain strong bones and teeth.

    Our bodies can make vitamin D from the sun. But babies cannot safely get the vitamin D they need from the sun.

    Your baby needs vitamin D because:

    • their skin is very sensitive to the sun and should not be in direct sunlight
    • their food may not have enough vitamin D in it
    • between 0 to 12 months babies grow very quickly and have a greater need for vitamin D to form strong bones

    Research shows that vitamin D plays an important role in helping the immune system. It may help prevent diabetes, heart disease, rheumatoid arthritis, MS and some forms of cancer.

    African, Afro-Caribbean, Middle-Eastern or Indian parents are more likely to have babies with low levels of vitamin D.

    How Much Vitamin D3 Does A Child Need


    The recommended daily amount of vitamin D is 400 international units for children up to age 12 months, 600 IU for ages 1 to 70 years, and 800 IU for people over 70 years.

    Subsequently, question is, how much vitamin d3 should a 12 year old take? According the AAP clinical report, Optimizing Bone Health in Children and Adolescents, infants under 12 months require 400 International Units per day and older children and adolescents require 600 IU per day.

    In respect to this, how much vitamin D does a child need per day?

    The Institute of Medicine recommends that in the first year of life, babies get at least 400 IU of vitamin D per day. Kids older than 1 year and teens should get at least 600 IU of vitamin D each day.

    Can I give my child vitamin D?

    Most over-the-counter children’s vitamins contain 600 IU of vitamin D, which is the recommended daily allowance set by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for kids 1 year old and older. 2,500 to 3,000 IU a day for children 1 to 8 years old. 4,000 IU a day for children 9 years and older.

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    How Much Vitamin D Does My Child Need

    Vitamin D is measured in international units .

    • Babies younger than 1 year old need 400 IU of vitamin D a day. Baby formula has 400 IU per liter, so babies who drink at least 32 ounces of formula each day get enough. If your baby drinks only breast milk or gets less than 32 ounces of formula each day, ask your health care provider about giving your baby a vitamin D supplement.
    • Kids older than 1 year need 600 IU or more of vitamin D a day. Health care providers often want healthy kids to take 600 to 1,000 IU daily.

    Some kids might need more vitamin D, such as those who:

    • have certain medical problems

    Current Status Of Babies Today

    Does my baby need a Vitamin D supplement?

    Even though the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends supplementing infants with vitamin D right after birth, studies show a compliance of between 2 19%. Hollis calls infant supplementation a largely failed initiative.

    Below is a chart of NHANES data from the paper, Adherence to Vitamin D Recommendations Among US Infants Aged 0 to 11 Months, NHANES, 2009 to 2012

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    How Much Vitamin D Do I Need

    From about late March/early April to the end of September, the majority of people should be able to make all the vitamin D they need from sunlight on their skin.

    Children from the age of 1 year and adults need 10 micrograms of vitamin D a day. This includes pregnant and breastfeeding women, and people at risk of vitamin D deficiency.

    Babies up to the age of 1 year need 8.5 to 10 micrograms of vitamin D a day.

    A microgram is 1,000 times smaller than a milligram . The word microgram is sometimes written with the Greek symbol followed by the letter g .

    Sometimes the amount of vitamin D is expressed as International Units . 1 microgram of vitamin D is equal to 40 IU. So 10 micrograms of vitamin D is equal to 400 IU.

    Why Your Babies And Toddlers Need Vitamin D And K2

    As an Integrative Medicine physician, I am always looking for ways to improve the underlying health of my patients. I do not like to wait for diseases to develop before starting treatment I like to set the stage for the body to be healthy so that diseases do not have a chance to develop. This approach is what has helped thousands of my patients regain a sense of vitality and well-being that once seemed so elusive.

    The problem that I often see is that the longer you wait, the harder it is to correct the underlying issue. That is why my wife, Emily, and I started Raise Them Well, in order to improve the health of children from Day 1, starting early at conception.

    Like it or not, what we expose our babies to from conception forward will play a role in their health as children and even into adulthood. This is why it is so important for moms to be doing everything that they can to stay healthy before, during, and after pregnancy. Moms need to be eating as clean as possible, avoiding toxins, and making sure that their baby is getting the proper nutrients necessary for optimal growth and development. This is critically important while breastfeeding because mothers milk is the only nutrition- and the best nutrition- that many babies get. However, there are a few things that even breast milk cant provide.

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