Side Effects Of Vitamin B9 Overdose
Folic acid is thought to be very dangerous when taken in high doses.
In normal circumstances, folic acid ensures a healthy pregnancy, supports nerve health, and protects against depression, cancer, and dementia. However, in high dosages, folic acid can cause great damage to your central nervous system.
Folic acid supplements can interact with certain medications like methotrexate and drugs that treat cancer and autoimmune diseases. Taking folic acid with antiepileptic drug used for psychiatric diseases or epilepsy may reduce the serum levels of these drugs.
Folic acid also may reduce the effectiveness of the ulcerative colitis treatment sulfasalazine, and interact with zinc and vitamin B6.
How much folate should you take? According to the Institute of Medicine at the National Academy of Sciences, the following is the recommended dietary allowance for folate daily:
- Males and females 14 and over: 400 micrograms
- Pregnant females: 600 mcg
Food high in folate include:
- calfs liver
- bell peppers
How To Use Vitamin B Complex Capsule
If you are taking chewable tablets, chew the tablet thoroughly before swallowing.
If you are taking extended-release capsules, swallow them whole. Do not crush or chew extended-release capsules or tablets. Doing so can release all of the drug at once, increasing the risk of side effects. Also, do not split extended-release tablets unless they have a score line and your doctor or pharmacist tells you to do so. Swallow the whole or split tablet without crushing or chewing.
If you are taking a liquid product, use a medication-measuring device to carefully measure the dose. Do not use a household spoon. Some liquid products need to be shaken before each dose. Some products that contain vitamin B12 need to be placed under the tongue and held there before swallowing. Follow label directions carefully to get the most benefit.
Take this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it. To help you remember, take it at the same time each day.
Folic Acid May Fight High Blood Pressure
Effect of Diet, Supplements Greater Among Younger Women
Jan. 18, 2005 — Women who get a lot of folic acid in their diet or through supplements are less likely to have high blood pressure.
Folic acid is a B-complex vitamin found naturally in leafy green vegetables, citrus fruits, and lentils. Folic acid, also known as folate, can also be found in vitamin supplements and fortified foods such as breads and breakfast cereals.
Previous studies have shown that diets rich in folic acid can improve blood pressure, but researchers say this is the first study to show that higher folic acid intake is associated with a lower risk of developing high blood pressure.
High blood pressure affects an estimated 65 million people in the U.S. Since the risk of developing high blood pressure increases with age, researchers say identifying ways to reduce a person’s risk of the disease through diet and lifestyle could have a major impact on public health.
Information on folic acid from dietary sources and supplements was collected from the women and updated every four years.
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Enhances Mood And Helps With Depression
Different kinds of nutrients in the vitamin B complex can help improve emotions. Vitamin B1 is an anti-suppressant vitamin that can improve your mood and protect the immune system at the same time.Vitamin B6 also helps calm your mood and has effects similar to an antidepressant. It helps regulate the levels of serotonin in the body.The B9 vitamin can also help manage depression.
Hypervitaminosis B: Side Effects Of Too Much Vitamin B
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Hypervitaminosis B is a condition where there is too much vitamin B intake, especially in supplement form. As a result, too much vitamin B symptoms may include nerve toxicity, jaundice and liver toxicity, nausea, and digestive issues.
Vitamin B complex supplements comprise a combination of all B vitamins, which include:
- Vitamin B1
- Vitamin B12
Since B vitamins are water soluble, excess amounts will not build up in the body. Instead, they will be excreted through the urine.
That being said, taking exceptionally high dosages of these B complex vitamins can lead to a variety of health risks and side effects.
This article will detail the major side effects of too much vitamin B, including lung cancer in men and the effect of too much vitamin B6 while pregnant, as well as the specific health risks associated with too much vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B3, vitamin B5, vitamin B6, vitamin B9 , and vitamin B12.
In This Article:
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B Vitamins Are Tied To Lower Stroke Risk
In addition to their role in metabolism and in maintaining healthy skin and hair, B vitamins have been linked to a lower incidence of stroke, a condition in which a blood clot blocks blood flow to the brain, or a blood vessel bursts in the brain. A review of randomized clinical trials that lasted six months or longer revealed that vitamin B supplements lowered risk of stroke by 7 percent for a large group of more than 50,000 participants. The study was authored by Xu Yuming and colleagues from Zhengzhou, China, and published in the September 2013 issue of the clinical journal Neurology. But before you begin taking vitamin B complex or any B vitamin supplement, be sure to talk to your healthcare provider.
Riboflavin Boosts The Immune System
A diet rich in vitamin B2, also known as riboflavin, is needed to avoid riboflavin deficiency. Recommended daily allowances of B2 are 1.3 mg a day for men and 1.1 mg a day for women. Pregnant women need 1.4 mg daily, and breast-feeding mothers should have 1.6 mg each day. You can get this B vitamin from natural sources such as nuts, green vegetables, meat, and dairy products.
Riboflavin helps your body break down and use the carbohydrates, fats, and proteins in your diet and helps metabolize food into energy. This type of B vitamin also functions to keep your skin, the lining of your gut, and your blood cells healthy. Getting enough riboflavin may be preventive for migraine headaches and cataracts, according to the National Institutes of Health. Riboflavin may also increase energy levels, boost the immune system, and treat acne, muscle cramps, and carpal tunnel syndrome.
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Produces Red Blood Cells
Some B vitamins, particularly vitamin B12, play an essential role in red blood cell formation. Healthy red blood cells are needed to transport oxygen to every part of the body. When there is a vitamin B12 deficiency, the body cannot produce enough red blood cells and anemia can occur.
Vitamin B2 is also needed for red blood cell production and growth, as is vitamin B9. While vitamin B5 plays a role in red blood cell production, it also helps reduce the amount of cholesterol produced by the body. And vitamin B6, which is required for more than 100 different enzyme reactions in the body, aids in the formation of hemoglobin, which also allows red blood cells to carry oxygen through the blood.
B vitamins involved: B2, B5, B6, B9, B12
Promotes Nervous System Health
Vitamin B2 keeps the eyes, nervous system, and skin healthy. It aids in the conversion of food into energy and helps enzymes in the body function properly. It also makes and repairs DNA, helps with the optimal function of the digestive and nervous systems, and promotes skin health. In addition, vitamin B12 also plays a role in maintaining the health of the nervous system.
B vitamins involved: B1, B2, B3, B6, B12
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Do You Need A Vitamin B Supplement
Most folks get enough B vitamins through a healthy diet, but others may need a B complex supplement to keep their levels in check.
Pregnant and breastfeeding women, older adults, and those on restrictive diets may benefit from taking a supplement. Vegans and vegetarians should pay extra attention to their B12 intake.
The most common B vitamin deficiencies are:
- vitamin B6
- vitamin B12
In some cases, your doc might suggest a vitamin B12 shot. These are usually given to peeps who have a malabsorption issue. The shots can only be prescribed by a doctor.
Supplements To Avoid When Dealing With High Blood Pressure
Dear Mayo Clinic:
What are the dangers of taking over-the-counter supplements? I am on blood pressure medication and have heard that there are some supplements that may interfere.
You ‘ve heard correctly. Some supplements should be avoided when you are dealing with high blood pressure. Yet, preliminary evidence shows that a couple of supplements may be beneficial in your situation.
While supplements may be labeled “natural” and don ‘t require a prescription, they can affect the body in many ways. Supplements can interact with medications, change the body ‘s metabolism and cause side effects. Baseline advice for any supplements is to talk with your health care provider before you take them no matter how harmless they may seem.
With high blood pressure, supplements on your caution list should include:
Two supplements that have shown some benefit in your circumstance are fish oil and garlic.
Research has confirmed that routinely eating fatty fish, such as salmon, tuna and trout, can reduce the risk of heart disease and death. The heart benefits seem strongest when eating fatty fish twice a week. For those who don ‘t like or can ‘t eat fish, a fish oil supplement is an option. Some studies have shown that taking a fish oil supplement modestly reduces blood pressure in patients with mild hypertension. The evidence isn ‘t strong enough, however, for an all-out endorsement of fish oil as a means to lower blood pressure.
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Effect Of Too Much Vitamin B6 In Pregnancy
There are other too much vitamin B6 side effects. These can include too much vitamin B6 pregnancy-related problems. For instance, overdosing on vitamin B6 supplements can potentially cause nerve damage and birth defects in unborn children, as well as health risks for the mother.
In the first trimester, taking over 100 milligrams of vitamin B6 can cause physical defects of the fetuss legs and arms, and also nerve damage. Excessive vitamin B6 usage can also cause an addiction in the fetus to vitamin B6, which can cause withdrawal symptoms after birth.
That being said, a study published in the Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in 2006 concluded that higher than standard doses of vitamin B6 are not linked to an increased risk of major malformations during pregnancy, based on a small sample size of 192 pregnancies and an average vitamin B6 dosage of 132.3 mg per day.
Furthermore, vitamin B6 is important during pregnancy since this vitamin can relieve morning sickness. A vitamin B6 deficiency can also lead to birth defects and prevent proper development of the fetal brain, which can lead to seizures after birth.
The general recommended intake of vitamin B6 during pregnancy is around 1.9 mg daily, and 2 mg while breastfeeding. Consult with your doctor before beginning vitamin B6 supplementation while pregnant.
Reap The Health Benefits Of B Vitamins
Good nutrition is tied to good health, as well as to the prevention and treatment of many conditions. Getting the recommended amounts of vitamins each day is an important part of the nutrition equation, and B vitamins are essential for preventive care. Abundant in green vegetables, whole or enriched grains, dairy, and meats, B vitamins help promote a healthy metabolism and are also linked to a reduced risk of stroke, research shows.
Take vitamin B12, for example. According to the Mayo Clinic, vitamin B12, a water-soluble vitamin, plays a significant role in nerve function, the formation of red blood cells, and the production of DNA. While most people get plenty of vitamin B12 benefits in a varied, balanced diet, if you are on a vegan or vegetarian diet, you are at risk for vitamin B12 deficiency. Also, elderly adults and people with GI disorders lack adequate B12.
- Weakened immune system
Its been known that some people with B vitamin deficiencies experience depression, anxiety, and mood swings. Folate is in the forefront of mood management. Findings show that many people with depression have lower levels of folate in the blood. Folate is found in green leafy vegetables, beans, peas, peanuts, and other legumes, and citrus fruits. The Food and Drug Administration began requiring manufacturers to add folic acid to enriched breads, cereals, flours, cornmeal, pasta, rice, and other grain products in 1998.
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Take Vitamin B5 For Healthy Hormones
All people age 14 and older should get 5 mg of vitamin B5 each day, according to the Food and Nutrition Board of the Institute of Medicine. You can find vitamin B5 in vegetables of the cabbage family, such as broccoli and kale, as well as in avocado. In addition, whole-grain cereals, potatoes, dairy, and organ meats are good sources. This type of B vitamin is needed for many of the biochemical reactions that go on in our cells each day, including the breakdown of carbohydrates and lipids for energy. Because it’s a water-soluble vitamin, you need vitamin B5 in your diet every day. Pantothenic acid is necessary for our bodies to produce hormones, and it’s also needed for growth.
Blood Pressure Stroke And Vitamin B
High blood pressure is a known risk factor for stroke, and much research has been done on whether various B vitamins can help prevent strokes as well as heart attacks. For decades, folatethe B vitamin so important for women just before and during pregnancy to prevent birth defectsalso has been studied for its role in heart health, according to Harvard Health Publishing. Many long-term studies found that participants who reported getting more folate had fewer strokes and heart attacks than those who said they got less.
The exact reasons for this, though, remain unclear. High blood pressure has been associated with high levels of homocysteine, an amino acid, in the bloodstream, which poses a threat to heart health. It turns out that folate, working with vitamins B12 and B6, helps break down homocysteine. A February 2017 study in Molecular Aspects of Medicine found that riboflavin, or B2, plays a part in helping folate clear homocysteine in people with a certain genetic makeup, paving the way for personalized high blood pressure treatment.
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There was a more definitive link between folate and stroke prevention in a study published in April 2015 in JAMA. The study was done in China, where many people have folate deficiencies. Taking folate along with the blood pressure medication enalapril lowered the incidences of stroke more significantly than enalapril alone.
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Reduces High Blood Pressure:
A deficiency of pantothenic acid is associated with a rise in the blood pressure. Therefore, it is essential to nourish your body with adequate amount of pantothenic acid to maintain blood pressure within normal range.
It acts as a vasodilator which widens the arteries and makes sure that the blood flows smoothly all throughout the body. Such an action of pantothenic acid reduces stress or strain on the inner walls of the arteries.
Furthermore, pantothenic acid is vital for maintaining the optimum function of the adrenal glands. An increase in the blood pressure is observed if adrenal glands do not work properly. Hence, along with low-sodium diets, hypertensives must pay special attention towards the pantothenic acid intake.
B Complex Vitamin Comparisons To Multivitamins
Partial Ingredient ListAlso contains Choline and Inositol.
Let science speak for itself. If you find yourself spending money on B-complexes in an attempt to increase your energy levels, remember that your body will not be fooledit will only absorb as much as it needs. It is not safe to assume that it is effective to take high doses of any vitamin making it important to be aware of the appropriate amount of vitamin B your body needs and supplement your diet accordingly.
As a reminder, your physician understands your health profile best, so its important to talk to him or her about which supplements are best for you.
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The Affect Of Folic Acid On High Blood Pressure
Several large studies have examined the role of folic acid in the prevention of high blood pressure and found that it provides benefit in reducing the risk of the condition. A study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that women with hypertension who took folate were able to significantly reduce their blood pressure. By taking more than 1,000 mcg a day of folic acid there was a 46% reduction in high blood pressure of women who participated in the study.