Why Free Radicals May Be Harmful
Free radicals are a natural byproduct of energy metabolism and are also generated by ultraviolet rays, tobacco smoke, and air pollution. They lack a full complement of electrons, which makes them unstable, so they steal electrons from other molecules, damaging those molecules in the process.
Free radicals have a well-deserved reputation for causing cellular damage. But they can be helpful, too. When immune system cells muster to fight intruders, the oxygen they use spins off an army of free radicals that destroys viruses, bacteria, and damaged body cells in an oxidative burst. Vitamin C can then disarm the free radicals.
Is Vitamin E A Fat Soluble
Before knowing its answer let some know about Vitamin E. The chemical name of vitamin E is tocopherol. it is a fat soluble vitamins.
And it function is it play an important role in production of Vitamin A and ascorbic acid. it is necessary for normal reproduction and protection of the liver.
And source of vitamin E is vegetable oil, milk, tomato, dark green leafy vegetables, eggs, kidney, whole grain, cereals, nuts and liver and deficiency of Vitamin E causes loss of sexual power of reproduction.
Again ask such type of question is vitamin E a fat soluble, obviously their answer is Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin.
Making A Splash With Water
Making sure that your body has adequate levels of water-soluble vitamins is an essential part of promoting overall health and wellness. But making sure that youre getting these vitamins and absorbing them correctly is just as important.
Thats why you should consider sources of these vitamins which will provide hydration naturally, such as orange juice for vitamin C or leafy greens and dairy for B vitamins.11 Its also a no-brainer to take your water-soluble supplements with a glass of cool water.
After all, its the fluids from these sources that the vitamins will need to pass effectively from the intestines into the bloodstream so you can reap the benefits for enhanced health!
Keep this in mind when considering your health regimen goals, and youll be well on your way to a healthier future!
Always serving our customers,
Your friends at Swanson
*These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.
1. The Importance of Vitamins to Your Body. Healthy Eating. Read source
2. Essential Nutrient. Science Direct. Read source
3. Water Soluble Vitamins. Very Well Health. Read source
4. Water Soluble Vitamins. National Institues of Health. Read source
5. Biochemistry, Water Soluble Vitamins. National Library of Medicine. Read source
6. Health Benefits of B Complex Vitamins. HealthLine. Read source
7. The Benefits of Vitamin C. WebMD. Read source
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On Adult Health Maintenance
Once growth and development are completed, vitamins remain essential nutrients for the healthy maintenance of the cells, tissues, and organs that make up a multicellular organism they also enable a multicellular life form to efficiently use chemical energy provided by food it eats, and to help process the proteins, carbohydrates, and fats required for cellular respiration.
A Closer Look At Major Minerals
The body needs, and stores, fairly large amounts of the major minerals. These minerals are no more important to your health than the trace minerals theyre just present in your body in greater amounts.
Major minerals travel through the body in various ways. Potassium, for example, is quickly absorbed into the bloodstream, where it circulates freely and is excreted by the kidneys, much like a water-soluble vitamin. Calcium is more like a fat-soluble vitamin because it requires a carrier for absorption and transport.
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Nobel Prizes For Vitamin Research
The Nobel Prize for Chemistry for 1928 was awarded to Adolf Windaus “for his studies on the constitution of the sterols and their connection with vitamins”, the first person to receive an award mentioning vitamins, even though it was not specifically about vitamin D.
The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for 1929 was awarded to Christiaan Eijkman and Frederick Gowland Hopkins for their contributions to the discovery of vitamins. Thirty-five years earlier, Eijkman had observed that chickens fed polished white rice developed neurological symptoms similar to those observed in military sailors and soldiers fed a rice-based diet, and that the symptoms were reversed when the chickens were switched to whole-grain rice. He called this “the anti-beriberi factor”, which was later identified as vitamin B1, thiamine.
In 1930, Paul Karrer elucidated the correct structure for beta-carotene, the main precursor of vitamin A, and identified other carotenoids. Karrer and Norman Haworth confirmed Albert Szent-GyÃ¶rgyi’s discovery of ascorbic acid and made significant contributions to the chemistry of flavins, which led to the identification of lactoflavin. For their investigations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins A and B2, they both received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1937.
In 1938, Richard Kuhn was awarded the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on carotenoids and vitamins, specifically B2 and B6.
Vitamin B12 Relationship With Folate And Vitamin B6
Figure 9.19 B Vitamins Coenzyme Roles
Vitamin B12 and folate play key roles in converting homocysteine to amino acid methionine. As mentioned in Figure 9.19 Vitamin B6 Functional Coenzyme Role, high levels of homocysteine in the blood increases the risk for heart disease. Low levels of vitamin B12, folate or vitamin B6 will increase homocysteine levels therefore increasing the risk of heart disease.
Figure 9.20 The Relationship Between Folate and Vitamin B12
When there is a deficiency in vitamin B12 , inactive folate is unable to be converted to active folate and used in the body for the synthesis of DNA. Folic Acid however is available to be used as active folate in the body without vitamin B12 .Therefore, if there is a deficiency in vitamin B12 macrocytic anemia may occur. With the fortification of foods incorporated into peoples diets, the risk of an individual developing macrocytic anemia is decreased.
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Which Vitamins Are Water
Water-soluble vitamins include the key vitamins well touch on shortly but it includes all vitamins besides A, D, E, and K. These vitamins are essential nutrients needed daily by the body in small quantities. Unlike fat-soluble vitamins, water-soluble vitamins are generally not stored in the body, because any excess is excreted by the kidneys hence why we need to consume them daily. They can also be destroyed by heat or exposure to air . For this reason, its important to try to eat them on a daily basis, or take a supplement to ensure your body has all the vitamins it needs, should you not get them all from your food that day.
Nine water-soluble vitamins can be found in the human diet_
Vitamin B1 helps to release energy from foods, promotes normal appetite, and plays a role in muscle contraction and nerve function. B1 can be found in legumes, cereals, peas, and bread.
Vitamin B2 is involved in energy release, growth, development and function of the cells in the body. B2 is found in dark green vegetables and whole-grain products.
Vitamin B3 is important for energy production and critical cellular functions. It can be found in peanuts, avocado and brown rice.
Vitamin B5 aids in the creation of blood cells. B5 can be found in broccoli and sweet potatoes.
Vitamin B6 is necessary for protein metabolism, red blood cell formation, and acts as an antioxidant in the body. It is found in legumes, starchy vegetables and whole-grain cereals.
Vitamin C / Ascorbic Acid
Like vitamin B1, ascorbic acid is considered an essential vitamin in humans, as we are one of the few species unable to create our own in the body. Most people are familiar with the concept of taking vitamin C to help protect you from colds, even if the scientific evidence on this matter is a long way from conclusive at present.
What we do know, however, is that vitamin C is crucial for the formation of collagen in the body, helping to keep structural elements such as teeth, gums, bones, joints and skin in optimal condition.
It also plays other roles. For example, vitamin C has been found to possess antioxidant properties, and a higher intake of ascorbic acid is therefore associated with a lower risk of suffering from a range of potentially serious health conditions. One study examining the effect of vitamin C on illness concluded that a 50g per day increase in fruit and vegetable intake was associated with about a 20% reduction in risk of all-cause mortality.
A vitamin C deficiency is associated with scurvy. In laboratory experiments in which volunteers were fed a diet deliberately lacking in suitable vitamin C, symptoms included skin problems, swollen gums, sore joints, muscular pain and conjunctival haemorrhages.
Fortunately, as with other water-soluble vitamins, a number of foods are rich sources. Additionally, reasonably-priced vitamin C supplements are a great alternative.
How Much Vitamin C Do I Need?
Foods Rich in Vitamin C
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Vitamins Hang Out In Water And Fat
There are two types of vitamins: fat soluble and water soluble.
When you eat foods that contain fat-soluble vitamins, the vitamins are stored in the fat tissues in your body and in your liver. They wait around in your body fat until your body needs them.
Fat-soluble vitamins are happy to stay stored in your body for a long time. Then, when its time for them to be used, special carriers in your body take them to where theyre needed. Vitamins A, D, E, and K are all fat-soluble vitamins.
Water-soluble vitamins are different. These vitamins dissolve in water. When you eat foods that have water-soluble vitamins, the vitamins are not stored in your body. Instead, they travel through your bloodstream. Whatever your body doesnt use comes out when you urinate .
So water-soluble vitamins need to be replaced often because they dont stick around! This crowd of vitamins includes vitamin C and the big group of B vitamins B1 , B2 , niacin, B6 , folic acid, B12 , biotin, and pantothenic acid.
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Is Vitamin B4 Fat Soluble
Before knowing its answer let some know about Vitamin B4. The chemical name of vitamin B4 is niacin. it is a water soluble vitamin belonging to the group B complex. it is needed for metabolism of Carbohydrates fats and proteins, keep skin healthy, give sound mental health and important positive contribution to good nutrition.
So question is vitamin B4 fat soluble, their answer vitamin B4 is not fat soluble vitamins it is a water soluble vitamin
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Essential Nutrients For Your Body
Every day, your body produces skin, muscle, and bone. It churns out rich red blood that carries nutrients and oxygen to remote outposts, and it sends nerve signals skipping along thousands of miles of brain and body pathways. It also formulates chemical messengers that shuttle from one organ to another, issuing the instructions that help sustain your life.
But to do all this, your body requires some raw materials. These include at least 30 vitamins, minerals, and dietary components that your body needs but cannot manufacture on its own in sufficient amounts.
Vitamins and minerals are considered essential nutrientsbecause acting in concert, they perform hundreds of roles in the body. They help shore up bones, heal wounds, and bolster your immune system. They also convert food into energy, and repair cellular damage.
But trying to keep track of what all these vitamins and minerals do can be confusing. Read enough articles on the topic, and your eyes may swim with the alphabet-soup references to these nutrients, which are known mainly be their initials .
In this article, youll gain a better understanding of what these vitamins and minerals actually do in the body and why you want to make sure youre getting enough of them.
Vitamin C: Ascorbic Acid
Vitamin C is an important antioxidant and is critical in wound healingWound healingWound healing is a physiological process involving tissue repair in response to injury. It involves a complex interaction of various cell types, cytokines, and inflammatory mediators. Wound healing stages include hemostasis, inflammation, granulation, and remodeling. Wound Healing and in the synthesisSynthesisPolymerase Chain Reaction of collagenCollagenA polypeptide substance comprising about one third of the total protein in mammalian organisms. It is the main constituent of skin connective tissue and the organic substance of bones and teeth .Connective Tissue: Histology, among its many functions. Vitamin C deficiency causes the clinical condition scurvy.
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The 4 Most Important Fat Soluble And Water Soluble Vitamins
Multivitamins are popular dietary supplements with more than 1/3 of all Americans taking them sales in the U.S. amounted to about $5.7 billion.
The vitamins that your body needs vary each day and are important to its functioning. You can get them in a variety of ways, and your body absorbs each in different ways.
Here is an easy guide to the most important water soluble and fat soluble vitamins.
A Closer Look At Antioxidants
Antioxidant is a catchall term for any compound that can counteract unstable molecules such as free radicals that damage DNA, cell membranes, and other parts of cells.
Your body cells naturally produce plenty of antioxidants to put on patrol. The foods you eatand, perhaps, some of the supplements you takeare another source of antioxidant compounds. Carotenoids and flavonoids are antioxidants. The vitamins C and E and the mineral selenium also have antioxidant properties.
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May Help Stomach Ulcers Heal
When vitamin U was initially researched in the 1950s, some studies suggested that drinking 1 quart of cabbage juice daily helped gut ulcers heal 45 times faster than the standard anti-ulcer therapy available at the time .
Yet, researchers couldnt confirm whether these effects were due to vitamin U or multiple nutrients.
Since then, few studies have examined the topic. To determine whether vitamin U is truly effective against ulcers, more research is needed.
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The Difference Between Vitamins And Minerals
Although they are all considered micronutrients, vitamins and minerals differ in basic ways. Vitamins are organic and can be broken down by heat, air, or acid. Minerals are inorganic and hold on to their chemical structure.
So why does this matter? It means the minerals in soil and water easily find their way into your body through the plants, fish, animals, and fluids you consume. But its tougher to shuttle vitamins from food and other sources into your body because cooking, storage, and simple exposure to air can inactivate these more fragile compounds.
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Absorptionabsorptionabsorption Involves The Uptake Of Nutrient Molecules And Their Transfer From The Lumen Of The Gi Tract Across The Enterocytes And Into The Interstitial Space Where They Can Be Taken Up In The Venous Or Lymphatic Circulationdigestion And Absorption Metabolism Transport And Storage
- AbsorptionAbsorptionAbsorption involves the uptake of nutrient molecules and their transfer from the lumen of the GI tract across the enterocytes and into the interstitial space, where they can be taken up in the venous or lymphatic circulation.Digestion and Absorption:
- Primarily in the jejunumJejunumThe middle portion of the small intestine, between duodenum and ileum. It represents about 2/5 of the remaining portion of the small intestine below duodenum.Small Intestine: Anatomy and ileumIleumThe distal and narrowest portion of the small intestine, between the jejunum and the ileocecal valve of the large intestine.Small Intestine: Anatomy
- Absorbed through both active transportActive transportThe movement of materials across cell membranes and epithelial layers against an electrochemical gradient, requiring the expenditure of metabolic energy.The Cell: Cell Membrane and passive diffusionDiffusionThe tendency of a gas or solute to pass from a point of higher pressure or concentration to a point of lower pressure or concentration and to distribute itself throughout the available space. Diffusion, especially facilitated diffusion, is a major mechanism of biological transport.Peritoneal Dialysis and Hemodialysis
Micronutrients With A Big Role In The Body
Vitamins and minerals are often called micronutrients because your body needs only tiny amounts of them. Yet failing to get even those small quantities virtually guarantees disease. Here are a few examples of diseases that can result from vitamin deficiencies:
- Scurvy. Old-time sailors learned that living for months without fresh fruits or vegetablesthe main sources of vitamin Ccauses the bleeding gums and listlessness of scurvy.
- Blindness. In some developing countries, people still become blind from vitamin A deficiency.
- Rickets. A deficiency in vitamin D can cause rickets, a condition marked by soft, weak bones that can lead to skeletal deformities such as bowed legs. Partly to combat rickets, the U.S. has fortified milk with vitamin D since the 1930s.
Just as a lack of key micronutrients can cause substantial harm to your body, getting sufficient quantities can provide a substantial benefit. Some examples of these benefits:
- Strong bones. A combination of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin K, magnesium, and phosphorus protects your bones against fractures.
- Prevents birth defects. Taking folic acid supplements early in pregnancy helps prevent brain and spinal birth defects in offspring.
- Healthy teeth. The mineral fluoride not only helps bone formation but also keeps dental cavities from starting or worsening.
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