Will A Vitamin D Supplement Protect Me From Coronavirus
The National Institutes of Health states that there are insufficient data to recommend either for or against the use of vitamin D for the prevention or treatment of COVID-19.
Most people in the United States consume less than recommended amounts of vitamin D, which is a critical to maintaining strong bones. It helps the body absorb the calcium youre taking in, so those who have a deficiency may develop brittle bones. The immune system also needs vitamin D to help fight off bacteria and viruses.
Vitamin D is found in some foods, such as fish, cheese and mushrooms as well as regular milk, soy, almond and oat milk. The body makes vitamin D when youre outside in sunny weather, and most people receive at least some vitamin D this way but of course, where you live plays a big factor in how much.
There have been a number of studies done recently that observed the impact of vitamin D on coronavirus. In one of these studies, made up of 489 participants, it was found that those who had a vitamin D deficiency were more likely to test positive for COVID-19 compared to people who had normal levels of vitamin D.
While a vitamin D deficiency is common in the United States, its even more common among Hispanic and African-American people, who have also experienced higher rates of COVID-19.
What You Need To Know About Zinc
Zinc supports your immune system, helps wounds to heal and supports efficient functioning of your metabolism, according to the Mayo Clinic. Zinc deficiencies are rare in the United States, but symptoms include inability to taste foods, slower healing of wounds, frequent infections and hair loss.
Taking zinc for colds when the very first symptoms appear may help you get over the sniffles a little faster, though it’s best to take in lozenge form zinc nasal sprays have been linked to loss of smell, which in some cases is permanent.
Should I Be Taking Vitamin C To Protect Against Coronavirus
Similarly to the situation with zinc and vitamin D, theres currently insufficient data supporting for or against using vitamin C for the treatment of COVID-19.
Vitamin C is also known as ascorbic acid, and its an antioxidant that impacts the immune system. Vitamin C also protects against damage caused by cigarette smoke, air pollution and UV sun rays. Citrus fruits, like oranges and grapefruit, are a great source of vitamin C, as well as vegetables like broccoli and baked potatoes.
Most people in the United States are getting enough vitamin C from their diet, but some people need more than others. If youre a smoker, or are often exposed to secondhand smoke, you may need more vitamin C in the form of a supplement so its important to talk to your doctor if you might not be getting enough.
While there hasnt yet been enough research done to know the full impact of vitamin C on coronavirus, many people think it can be a remedy for the common coldbut research shows that vitamin C supplements dont actually reduce the risk of getting a cold. It is true, however, that cold symptoms can be milder and last for a shorter length of time in those who do take vitamin C supplements.
There are currently clinical trials underway to further research whether or not vitamin C can effectively be used as a treatment for COVID-19.
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What Is Better Zinc Or Vitamin C
Both zinc and vitamin C play an important role in keeping your health and well-being functioning to the best of its abilities. Both vitamins can provide a variety of benefits, from helping your immunity, protecting your eye health, and healing surface wounds to the skin.
Thinking about which is better, this can be very much dependant on which areas of concern you are wanting to treat. For example, if you are wanting to combat colds and flu, zinc is known for delivering the quickest results at reducing how long your symptoms last. Taking a daily vitamin C supplement, the whole year round will ensure you are able to ward off colds more effectively.
As I have already mentioned, it is perfectly safe to take vitamin C and zinc together so theres nothing stopping you from benefitting from a combined capsule of both powerhouse vitamins.
Synergistic Action Of Nutrients On Physical Barriers
The outer and inner surfaces of an organism, such as the skin and mucous membranes, are the first line of defense against pathogens, toxins and other foreign bodies, as they form physical barriers that prevent entry . SARS-CoV-2 is able to penetrate physical barriers when they are vulnerable. Thus, it can be transmitted directly, when there is physical contact with the infected person, or indirectly, when the infection occurs through droplets and aerosols in suspension or through fomites, where steel and plastic are the materials in which this virus is more viable .
Droplets containing SARS-CoV-2 are transmitted when they come in contact with the oral, respiratory tract and intestinal mucosa and the conjunctiva, tissues that express ACE2 necessary for the entry of this virus into the body. However, whether the consumption of food contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 can cause its transmission through the digestive system remains to be confirmed . Thus, the physical and functional integrity of the physical barriers, especially epithelial cells, is important for reducing the risk of SARS-CoV-2 contagion.
The epithelial cells are joined by distinct intercellular junctions, known as the epithelial junctional complex, which is formed by tight junctions, adherens junctions and desmosomes . Because they act as a selective barrier, this complex prevents the entry of pathogens and toxins into the bloodstream.
Table 1. Functions and protein constituents of the junctional complex.
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Basic Facts About Vitamin C
Vitamin C helps support your immune system and promotes the formation of collagen, which makes up a large part of the connective tissue in your body. Collagen is also necessary for the production of the hemoglobin that carries oxygen throughout your body.
Vitamin C is also a powerful antioxidant that helps scrub free radicals from your cells, lowering your risk of heart attack, stroke and some cancers. In addition, according to the University of Rochester Medical Center, vitamin C might help ease the symptoms of a cold and shorten the time you need to get over it.
Vitamin C helps your body absorb iron and generally does not interfere or compete with other vitamins, so unlike taking calcium and magnesium which compete with each other for absorption you can safely combine vitamin C and zinc.
No Other Significant Benefits
The researchers also looked at hospitalization rate, mortality, and adverse effects from receiving one of the treatments or standard of care. No arm of the experiment had significantly different outcomes, but the researchers note that those who received ascorbic acid reported slightly more nausea, diarrhea, and stomach cramps.
Overall, 17 outpatients had to be hospitalized before their individual 28-day assessment was complete, and 3 died from causes unrelated to the interventions. One person experienced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation, but this, too, was unrelated.
“Most consumers of ascorbic acid and zinc are taking significantly lower doses of these supplements, so demonstrating that even high-dose ascorbic acid and zinc had no benefit suggests clear lack of efficacy,” the researchers write.
They add, “Recent studies have also demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of SARS-CoV-2 infection and an increased risk of hospitalization, so the potential role of other supplements in decreasing SARS-CoV-2 symptoms cannot be concluded from our study.”
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When Is The Best Time To Take Vitamin D And Other Fat
Fat-soluble vitamins require fat for your body to absorb them. They include:
For maximum absorption, the best time to take vitamin D and other fat-soluble vitamins is after youve eaten foods that contain fat. And you dont need much: Dr. Perez-Gallardo says even small amounts of low- or whole-fat milk or yogurt will do the trick. So will eating food cooked with oil.
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Is Zinc And Vitamin C Good For Colds
Also question is, does zinc and vitamin C help with colds?
Zinc may interact with drugs, including antibiotics and penicillamine . Vitamin C does not prevent colds and only slightly reduces their length and severity. In studies in which people took vitamin C only after they got a cold, vitamin C did not improve their symptoms.
One may also ask, is it OK to take zinc and vitamin C together? Vitamin C Plus Zinc InteractionsAvoid taking more than one multivitamin product at the same time unless your doctor tells you to. Taking similar products together can result in an overdose or serious side effects.
In respect to this, how much vitamin C and zinc should I take for a cold?
People with colds need to take 1,000 or 2,000 mg of vitamin C a day to gain a therapeutic effect, Lawson says. Karla Birkholz, MD, tells WebMD there is little conclusive evidence regarding the effectiveness of vitamin C, the herbal supplement Echinacea, or zinc lozenges.
What is zinc and Vitamin C good for?
Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin used to prevent and treat scurvy and acidify urine. It is also used to decrease severity of colds and as a dietary supplement. Zinc is an essential mineral involved in the immune system, wound healing, and DNA synthesis.
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Iron And Magnesium: With Dinner
Iron can cause upset stomach, while magnesium can have a laxative effect thats less than ideal in the middle of your workday. Caffeine also reduces the amount of iron your body is able to absorb, notes the NIH, making it a bad pair with your morning matcha latte. So take both iron and magnesium with a meal, preferably dinner, to slow down the digestive process and reduce the chance that theyll irritate your stomach. Anytime you think a supplement might be causing upset stomach, having it with food or later on in the day can be easier than on an empty stomach, says Brissette.
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When Is The Best Time To Take Calcium
Many people consider calcium to be a vitamin, but its actually a mineral. So, youll want to be careful and not overdo it with calcium. Most people can get a sufficient amount of it from food. But if youre not eating enough calcium-rich foods or youre postmenopausal, Dr. Perez-Gallardo says youll need to take calcium the right way to decrease bone loss and osteoporosis.
Calcium supplements come in two forms: calcium carbonate and calcium citrate. The best time to take calcium depends on the kind you take, explains Dr. Perez-Gallardo.
- Calcium carbonate: To be properly absorbed, this type requires acid in the stomach. Take it with a meal because you produce stomach acids when you eat.
- Calcium citrate: You can take it with or without food because your body can absorb it with or without acids. Doctors often recommend calcium citrate for patients who take antacids.
When Is The Best Time To Take Vitamins
While these nutrients are found in varying amounts in food, some people need to supplement with certain vitamins to meet their nutritional requirements.
Normally, most vitamins can be taken at any time of day. That said, some vitamins are better absorbed under special conditions, which is why its good to know how and when to take a supplement to promote optimal absorption.
This article explains how and when to take vitamins.
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/7the Right Way To Take Vitamin C
Studies suggest that our body’s capacity to absorb Vitamin C decreases by 50 per cent when we take more than 1000 mg of this vitamin in a day. All the extra amount of the vitamin is moved out of the body through urine.
It is best to take Vitamin C in the raw form as heat and light can destroy the amount of vitamin in the particular food. Cooking Vitamin C rich food for a long time at a high temperature can break down the vitamin. Apart from that, cooking in water can also make the vitamin seep into the liquid and when the liquid is not consumed you may not get the vitamin. Stir-frying or blanching are the best ways to preserve the vitamin. Also, try to eat fruits that are ripe as they contain the maximum amount of Vitamin C.
How Can I Best Protect Myself And Loved Ones
Unfortunately, we cant say for sure that any vitamins or supplements can help treat or prevent COVID-19, but we are continuing to research and learn. Until a vaccine is developed and available for public use, your best defense methods against coronavirus are to continue wearing a mask and social distancing, as well as:
Avoiding contact with anyone who is sick
Avoiding touching your eyes, nose and mouth
Washing your handsoften or using hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol
Continue to stay up to date with the latest COVID-19 news by visiting our Coronavirus Resource Hub.
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How Much Zinc Should You Take
In addition to those daily minimums we need to hit , pregnant women require at least 11 milligrams, while breastfeeding moms should aim for 12 milligrams each day.
The question of individualized dosing can be raised with your health care practitioner. “It depends on if you have anything going on that can increase your needs,” says Jessica Cording, M.S., R.D., dietitian, mbg Collective member, and author of The Little Book of Game-Changers.
If you or your health care provider suspect that you may have a deficiency, Surampudi says you’ll likely be given a blood test to confirm it. That can also help determine how much zinc you should take, she says.
As for bolstering immune resilience, Ferira takes 15 mg of zinc bisglycinate daily provided via mindbodygreen’s immune support+ supplement.*
Cohen points out that the maximum daily intake level is 40 milligrams, although your doctor may recommend that you take more if you have certain medical reasons for using a higher-potency zinc supplement.
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When Is The Best Time To Take Multivitamins
Multivitamins can be trickier: They often contain both water- and fat-soluble vitamins. The best time to take a multivitamin is with food so any fat can help with absorption. You can also drink a water-based beverage to wash it all down, notes Dr. Perez-Gallardo. But the drawback is that your body wont absorb the water-soluble vitamins as well as fat-soluble ones.
The reverse is true when you take a multivitamin on an empty stomach with water your body cant properly absorb the fat-soluble vitamins. You could also end up with an upset stomach. So for full absorption, Dr. Perez-Gallardo recommends taking water- and fat-soluble vitamins separately.
Other Supplement Combinations To Avoid
Copper and zinc
Both copper and zinc are important minerals. Most people get enough of these nutrients through their diet. Copper helps with brain development, nervous system health, and in making important tissues in the body. Zinc is an important mineral for healing.
Different minerals can compete for absorption in your digestive system when taken at the same time. So, if you take copper and zinc together, one usually has poor absorption. In the case of these two supplements, zinc wins. People who take a lot of zinc supplements may develop a copper deficiency.
One source of zinc supplementation is denture cream. If you use denture cream and experience neurological problems, you may have a copper deficiency.
Green tea and iron
On their own, both of these supplements offer a lot of benefits. Green tea has anti-inflammatory compounds that may help people with conditions like inflammatory bowel disease. Iron is important for making hemoglobin, a protein in your blood.
However, when taken together, the antioxidants from green tea bind to iron. This lessens the positive effects of consuming green tea.
Calcium with other minerals
Calcium is an important mineral for bone health. Taking a calcium supplement can affect how your body absorbs other minerals including zinc, magnesium, or iron. If you take any combination of these supplements, talk to your doctor about the best timing for maximum absorption of each mineral.
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